22 de Enero de 2018
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Colección: Trends for a common future
Autor: Noel F. McGinn
Título: Toward International Cooperation in Education for the Integration of the Americas

Obstacles to International Collaboration in Higher Education

Collaborative projects face several obstacles in addition to funding for start-up and for operation. Joint efforts require a certain level of stability in participating institutions. Participating institutions must have a fairly sophisticated management capacity.22 Although the main objective of collaboration is to share unique capacities, institutions can not be too different in structure and culture. A certain amount of standardization, of titles and certificates, course syllabi, even budgeting practices, is required. This does not occur unless a certain level of trust has been developed (Gottifredi, 1993). Language is another barrier, limiting participation across countries with different languages to a relatively small number of persons who are multilingual.

The development of international cooperation among the universities of Europe required three major steps:
  • A long period of dialogue finally resulting in consensus of the importance of linking universities through supranational institutions;
  • Clear differences in economic, social and cultural as well as educational qualities, defined as potential for complementarities; and
  • Recognition by political, corporate and social leaders of the central contribution to be made by universities in the development of Europe (Fermoso Garcia, 1993)
Contributing to this process were efforts in improvement of institutional management, resulting in gradual raising of the quality of programs, and greater effort to disseminate the knowledge produced in universities.

[INDEX] [Presentation] [Introduction] [The Evolution of International Cooperation in Education in the Americas] [Cooperation After Nationalism] [International Cooperation as Supranationalism] [Cooperation for International Development] [Resistance to Aid] [Cooperation as Collaboration within Latin America] [Cooperation as Structural Adjustment] [The Current Situation of Education in the Americas] [Current Status of Education] [Summary] [Current Forms of International Cooperation] [Aid as a Form of International Cooperation] [Varieties of Aid] [Uniformization as a Consequence of Aid] [Aid or Assistance from Bilateral and Multilateral Organizations] [Cooperation by Transnational Corporations] [Aid and Assistance from NGOs] [Aid by Philanthropic Foundations] [Aid Mediated through Educational Institutions] [International Cooperation in the Form of Collaboration] [Examples of Collaboration in Higher Education] [Obstacles to International Collaboration in Higher Education] [Examples of Collaboration Between Non-governmental Organizations] [Other Instances of Collaboration] [Summary] [Globalization and International Cooperation] [The New Industrial Paradigm] [Implications of the New Industrial Paradigm for Education] [The New Development Model] [An Outline of a New Paradigm for Education] [Alternative Approaches to International Cooperation in Education] [An Example of Regional Collaboration to Develop a New Paradigm] [Notes] [References]