23 de Enero de 2018
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Colección: Trends for a common future
Autor: Noel F. McGinn
Título: Toward International Cooperation in Education for the Integration of the Americas

CHAPTER II
Current Forms of International Cooperation

This section describes the major varieties of international cooperation in education found today in the Americas. The objective of the section is to elaborate on forms of aid and to assess the opportunities and problems associated with varieties of those forms. Although much of the analysis is about difficulties in and with cooperation, the intention is not criticism but instead identification of the major obstacles to be removed on the path to more and more effective international cooperation.

Countries cooperate with each other for a variety of purposes, generally organized under rubrics of altruism and self-interest.9 Cooperation is a moral obligation, an expression of solidarity, a fulfillment of our humanity (Riddell, 1987). It also is pursued to expand markets, extend political hegemony, protect national security (Smith, 1990). These latter motives may be pursued by one country, or as a joint action of several countries, seeking to benefit by improving the welfare of all.10Countries may cooperate directly with each other or through supranational organizations supported by the participating countries.

[INDEX] [Presentation] [Introduction] [The Evolution of International Cooperation in Education in the Americas] [Cooperation After Nationalism] [International Cooperation as Supranationalism] [Cooperation for International Development] [Resistance to Aid] [Cooperation as Collaboration within Latin America] [Cooperation as Structural Adjustment] [The Current Situation of Education in the Americas] [Current Status of Education] [Summary] [Current Forms of International Cooperation] [Aid as a Form of International Cooperation] [Varieties of Aid] [Uniformization as a Consequence of Aid] [Aid or Assistance from Bilateral and Multilateral Organizations] [Cooperation by Transnational Corporations] [Aid and Assistance from NGOs] [Aid by Philanthropic Foundations] [Aid Mediated through Educational Institutions] [International Cooperation in the Form of Collaboration] [Examples of Collaboration in Higher Education] [Obstacles to International Collaboration in Higher Education] [Examples of Collaboration Between Non-governmental Organizations] [Other Instances of Collaboration] [Summary] [Globalization and International Cooperation] [The New Industrial Paradigm] [Implications of the New Industrial Paradigm for Education] [The New Development Model] [An Outline of a New Paradigm for Education] [Alternative Approaches to International Cooperation in Education] [An Example of Regional Collaboration to Develop a New Paradigm] [Notes] [References]