21 de Julio de 2018
Portal Educativo de las Américas
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Colección: Trends for a common future
Autor: Noel F. McGinn
Título: Toward International Cooperation in Education for the Integration of the Americas

Cooperation as Collaboration within Latin America

The development period also stimulated various efforts at collaboration among the countries of Latin America. During this period the countries of Central America committed themselves to the development of a common economic market, and joint planning of their universities (Consejo Superior Universitario Centroamericano, 1988). Manpower planning was used to determine demand for high level human resources in the region, and assessments were made of the installed capacity of each of the national university systems. The objective was to eliminate duplication of effort and to concentrate resources, especially in high cost programs such as physical sciences and medicine. Although the Central American common market generated some benefits, political conflicts between the countries led to suspension of the agreements. Similar economic ventures such as the Latin American Free Trade Agreement, and the Andean Pact, were slower in achieving the level of implementation realized in Central America. A small number of universities joined together in an effort to share high cost instruction through the use of satellites. The Andres Bello program developed as an effort to link countries together at the cultural level, but low levels of funding have limited its impact.

[INDEX] [Presentation] [Introduction] [The Evolution of International Cooperation in Education in the Americas] [Cooperation After Nationalism] [International Cooperation as Supranationalism] [Cooperation for International Development] [Resistance to Aid] [Cooperation as Collaboration within Latin America] [Cooperation as Structural Adjustment] [The Current Situation of Education in the Americas] [Current Status of Education] [Summary] [Current Forms of International Cooperation] [Aid as a Form of International Cooperation] [Varieties of Aid] [Uniformization as a Consequence of Aid] [Aid or Assistance from Bilateral and Multilateral Organizations] [Cooperation by Transnational Corporations] [Aid and Assistance from NGOs] [Aid by Philanthropic Foundations] [Aid Mediated through Educational Institutions] [International Cooperation in the Form of Collaboration] [Examples of Collaboration in Higher Education] [Obstacles to International Collaboration in Higher Education] [Examples of Collaboration Between Non-governmental Organizations] [Other Instances of Collaboration] [Summary] [Globalization and International Cooperation] [The New Industrial Paradigm] [Implications of the New Industrial Paradigm for Education] [The New Development Model] [An Outline of a New Paradigm for Education] [Alternative Approaches to International Cooperation in Education] [An Example of Regional Collaboration to Develop a New Paradigm] [Notes] [References]