24 de Marzo de 2019
Portal Educativo de las Américas
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Colección: Trends for a common future
Autor: Noel F. McGinn
Título: Toward International Cooperation in Education for the Integration of the Americas

Resistance to Aid

Resistance to “aid” took several forms. Some actors in the receiving countries argued that national professionals were capable of carrying as well or better the work of the technical advisors from outside who often knew and learned little about the context in which they were giving advice. A major concern was the loss of national identity, as “foreign” ideas replaced what were believed to be endogenous and unique contents and methods for educating. Other actors protested that “aid” increased the financial dependence of poorer countries on the richer “donors”. This group argued that “trade not aid” would benefit their countries more, claiming that restrictive trade barriers cost countries receiving aid more than the value of the aid received. Some actors protested that “aid” was no more than a cloak for efforts by “foreign powers” to subvert and suppress national movements for more democratic societies. A few countries, such as Mexico, rejected most offers of aid for their education sector, and took no loans.

[INDEX] [Presentation] [Introduction] [The Evolution of International Cooperation in Education in the Americas] [Cooperation After Nationalism] [International Cooperation as Supranationalism] [Cooperation for International Development] [Resistance to Aid] [Cooperation as Collaboration within Latin America] [Cooperation as Structural Adjustment] [The Current Situation of Education in the Americas] [Current Status of Education] [Summary] [Current Forms of International Cooperation] [Aid as a Form of International Cooperation] [Varieties of Aid] [Uniformization as a Consequence of Aid] [Aid or Assistance from Bilateral and Multilateral Organizations] [Cooperation by Transnational Corporations] [Aid and Assistance from NGOs] [Aid by Philanthropic Foundations] [Aid Mediated through Educational Institutions] [International Cooperation in the Form of Collaboration] [Examples of Collaboration in Higher Education] [Obstacles to International Collaboration in Higher Education] [Examples of Collaboration Between Non-governmental Organizations] [Other Instances of Collaboration] [Summary] [Globalization and International Cooperation] [The New Industrial Paradigm] [Implications of the New Industrial Paradigm for Education] [The New Development Model] [An Outline of a New Paradigm for Education] [Alternative Approaches to International Cooperation in Education] [An Example of Regional Collaboration to Develop a New Paradigm] [Notes] [References]