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Revista Interamericana de Bibliografía (RIB)
Número: 1
Título: 1998


Castro Arrasco, Dante (Callao 1959). Otorongo y otros cuentos. Lima: Lluvia, 1986.

“Escarmiento:” Describes a guerrilla popular trial that condemns a campesina to death for collaborating with the police (sinchis).

_________. Parte de combates. Lima: Manguaré, 1991.

1) “Ñakay Pacha (el tiempo del dolor):” A campesino describes his expressions in a guerrilla column.

2) “Parte de combate:” An enlisted man recounts the story of a brutal army lieutenant.

3) “Angel en la isla:” A guerrilla survives the 1986 El Frontón prison uprising.

_________. Tierra de pishtacos. La Habana: Casa de las Américas, 1992.

1) “Como astillas del cielo:” Two MRTA guerrillas elude a military massacre, helicopters and certain death.

2) “La guerra del arcangel San Gabriel:” A community attempts to appease everyone, but ends up killing guerrillas and soldiers.

Castro Padilla, Luis (Ice 1923). Saturnino Quispe (La guerrilla en el Perú). México, D.F.: n.p., 1990. An impoverished farmer opposes the guerrillas, becomes a successful merchant and mayor, and is a model for other campesinos.

Cavero, Samuel (Ayacucho 1962). Un rincón para los muertos. Lima: Editores Asociados, 1987. A fictional biography of Abimael Guzmán from the 1960s to the beginning of the guerrilla war.

Colchado Lucio, Oscar (Ancash 1947). Hacia el Janaq Pacha. Lima: Lluvia, 1988. “Hacia el Janaq Pacha:” A young boy and his family die after being caught between the guerrillas, the military and a paramilitary ronda campesina.

Dughi, Pilar (Lima 1956). La premeditación y el azar. Lima: Colmillo Blanco, 1989.

“Los días y las horas:” During the day a young woman helps her mother and at night she kills policemen.

Edal H., Carlos. Cuentos verdes de la zona roja. Lima: RENALSA, 1993.

1) “El Barranquino:” A young man from Lima is drafted and serves in Ayacucho.

2) “La patrulla:” Describes various aspects of military patrols.

3) “El tuco:” Describes two brothers who join the guerrillas, with the second abandoning the guerrillas to join the military.

Garnett, Miguel (London 1935). Catequil. Lima: Lluvia, 1990. This story is critical of most sectors of Peruvian society and argues that only Christian love can transform Peru.

Guevara Paredes, Mario (Cusco 1956). El desaparecido. Cusco: n.p., 1988.

“Sólo una niña:” Soldiers kill an innocent young girl because she has the same last name as a guerrilla.

_________. Cazador de gringas y otros cuentos. Cusco: Municipalidad del Qosqo, 1994.

1) “Todo un perro:” Two soldiers allow a commandant’s dog to run away and are transferred to an emergency zone.

2) “Zone de emergencia:” Two soldiers, one of whom’s manhood is questioned when he encounters guerrillas, play Russian roulette.

Hailey, Arthur. The Evening News. New York: Dell, 1990. Sendero Luminoso kidnaps the family of a television anchorman.

Montoro, Isaac Felipe. Guerra y hambre. Lima: Gabrielle, 1990. A neo-Nazi tries to infiltrate the paramilitary rondas campesinos and to make Peru a colony of the reborn Nazi empire. A pacifist socialist searches for the leader of Sendero Luminoso to take him a message of peace from Amnesty International.

Nieto Degregori, Luis (Cusco 1955). Con los ojos para siempre abiertos. Lima: El zorro de abajo ediciones, 1990.1

1) “Semana Santa:” A woman returns for a visit to Ayacucho and describes changes brought about by the guerrilla war.

2) “Como cuando estábamos vivos:” Critical of the changes in Ayacucho due to the presence of the repressive forces.

3) “Harta cerveza y harta bala:” Critical of police (sinchi) forces in Ayacucho.

4) “Vísperas:” Deals with the response of literary critics to a character inspired by Hildebrando Pérez Huarancca, a writer and guerrilla ideologue.

5) “La joven que subió al cielo:” A university student falls in love with a guerrilla, spends two weeks with a guerrilla column, and later rejects Sendero Luminoso, but not socialism.

Niño de Guzmán, Guillermo (Lima 1955). Hueso húmero 28 (1991): 79-88.

“Decir adiós es morir un poco:” A woman takes a clandestine trip to see her former lover, a guerrilla.

Novoa, Edian. Tampoco, tan poco... Lima: Killka, 1990. “JQ1178: Catalepsia:” Two women are associated with a car bomb that destroys a bank and an unsuccessful attempt to destroy an electrical tower in Lima.

Ortega, Julio (Ancash 1942). Adiós Ayacucho. Lima: ISHI Publications and Mosca Azul, 1986. A campesino leader, killed and mutilated by the police, travels to Lima to demand that President Belaúnde return his missing body parts. Criticisms of the Belaúnde government, the Uchuracay massacre, Peruvian society, and Sendero Luminoso.

Padilla Chalco, Feliciano (Puno 1944). Padilla Chalco, Feliciano, and Jorge Flórez-Aybar. Dos narradores en busca del tiempo perdido. Arequipa: CONCYTEC, 1990. “Donde corre el viento:” Contrasts a senderista who is a type of hero with an opportunist leftist politician.

________. Requiem. Puno: Artes Gráficas Camacho E.I.R.L, 1987.

1) “Sonata de los caminos opuestos:” A camuesino eludes a military massacre, but is buried alive in a common grave.

2) “Aguafuerte:” A campesino accused of being a guerrilla recalls the abuse of a large landowner while being tortured, and dies when guerrillas dynamite the jail.

Pereira Fernández, Percy (Lima 1961). La última decisión de Feline Montoya. Lima: Oso Mayor, 1992. A university student participates in bombing a bank. The police torture and kill him and two other guerrillas.

Pérez, Julián (Ayacucho 1954). Tikanka. Lima: Retama, 1989.

1) “Camino atravesado:” Describes a mother’s suffering after her son joins the guerrillas.

2) “Mollepukio:” A campesino family sacrifices to send their children to study in the city of Huamanga and they all end up joining Sendero Luminoso or being disappeared.

_________. Transeúntes. 2nd ed. Lima: Labrusa, 1990.2

1) “Camino large:” A student joins the guerrillas.

2) “Los alzados:” A campesino suffers at the hand of a large landowner, gains political clarity and joins the guerrillas.

Pita, Alfredo (Cajamarca 1948). Y de pronto anochece. Lima: Lluvia, 1987.

“El final del camino:” A senderista is tortured and contemplates the meaning of life as he dies.

Ponce, Víctor Andrés. Los sueños quebrados. Lima: Jaime Campodónico, 1995.

Three high school friends follow different routes. One joins Sendero Luminoso, another becomes a soldier, and the third, after being a leftist student leader, becomes a journalist and writer.

Rojas Sifuentes, Carlos (Lima 1961). Crónica de híbridos: Relatos del nuevo mundo. Lima: Cultura Urbana, 1992.

“La gerra, la güerra, la guerra:” Describes the journey of two cousins, a politician and a priest, who are horrified by the bloodshed and devastation of the guerrilla war.

Rosas Paravicino, Enrique (Cusco 1948). Al filo del rayo. Lima: Lluvia, 1988.

1) “Gallo de ánimas:” Soldiers accuse teachers of being guerrillas and kill them in front of their students.

2) “Feliz cumpleaños:” Jailed leaders of a teachers’ union are freed after one of many bombs celebrating Abimael Guzmán’s birthday destroys the jail cell.

3) “Historia de una cabeza con precio:” A young boy joins the guerrillas after they kill his father.

4) “Al filo del rayo:” Describes a guerrilla popular trial.

5) “Camino de la suerte:” A guerrilla, policeman, and woman discuss the guerrilla war after dying. Two men pledge to work together to raise the orphan daughter of the dead guerrilla.

Rosas Paravicino, Enrique, Mario Guevara, and Luis Nieto Degregori. Fuego del sur: Tres narradores cusqueños. Lima: Lluvia, 1990.

“Por la puerta del viento:” A father travels to bury his son, who has joined Sendero Luminoso, and learns that his son is alive and at large.

_________. El gran Señor. Cusco: Municipalidad del Qosqo, 1994. Based on the pilgrimages to the Ooyllurit’i religious festival, the novel contrasts the present violence in the southern Andes with the past, such as the rebellion of Diego Cristóbal Túpac Amaru and abusive landowners.

Santa Cruz, Reynaldo (Callao 1963). La muerte de dios y otras muertes. Lima: Marcahuasi, 1990. “El hijo del Uchcu:” A young boy wants revenge against both the guerrillas and the military, because the former killed his mother and the latter killed his father.

Tinoco Videla, Darío (Huancavelica 1943). Noche de leva. Lima: Lluvia, 1992.

1) “Noche de leva:” Describes the forced conscription of young villagers by guerrilla forces.

2) “El zorzal blanco:” Examines changes in a village caught between the guerrillas and the repressive forces.

Valenzuela, Jorge (Lima 1962). Horas contadas. Lima: Comillo Blanco, 1988.

“El final de la consigna:” A guerrilla and three others massacre a village. The guerrilla kills the other three and waits for the repressive forces to come and kill him.

Vargas Llosa, Mario (Arequipa 1936). Lituma en los Andes. Barcelona: Planeta, 1993.

Describes two policemen who try to unravel the mysterious disappearance of three campesinos.

Ventosilla Quispe, Walter (Lima 1959). Caretas 4 May 1987.

“En la quebrada:” A campesino, now a soldier, returns to his village and witnesses the results of a military massacre.

_________. María Nieves y los cuentos ganadores del Premio COPE 1992. Lima: Ediciones COPE, 1994.

“Trampa tendida:” A guerrilla goes to kill a hostage after his family and the government refuse to pay ransom.

Vidal, Luis Fernando (Lima 1943-93). Alma matinal 4 (1994): 62.3

“Antes que amanezca:” A guerrilla imagines his task of bombing a building and escaping.

Vírhuez, Ricardo (Lima 1964). Las hogueras del hombre. Lima: Ateidea, 1992. The short stories, called “short chronicles,” are of about a quarter to half a page in length and have numbers for titles.

1) “5:” A man leaving a party after the curfew in Ayacucho is saved from being disappeared when a soldier, a friend from his high school days, allows him to escape.

2) “8:” A young man and the father of a marine officer argue over the policies of the Armed Forces.

3) “12:” A theater group travels to the Amazon, where they are surprised to find the young people talking about the class struggle.

4) “13:” A priest abandons the priesthood for the guerrilla struggle.

5) “14:” Critical of Lima newspapers for ignoring the number of soldiers killed and wounded in the Alto Huallaga area.

6) “17:” When a policeman caresses a boy’s head, he is surprised that he touched him and did not kill him.

7) “18:” A former marine talks about the repressive forces training by attacking campesinos.

8) “19:” In a classroom students support and oppose the bombing of villages.

9) “23:” After a nervous young man jumps from a truck approaching a checkpoint and leaves a package containing a pistol, the passengers fear the soldiers will find it and kill them.

10) “25:” Discusses the impossibility of journalism being neutral in reporting about the war.

11) “26:” A tortured prisoner, interviewed by journalists while soldiers watch, denies being tortured.

12) “27:” Police and soldiers stop a bus and demand money from the passengers.

13) “28:” A woman refuses to join the MRTA in spite of being asked by Víctor Polay (the former leader of the MRTA) and being offered payment in dollars.

14) “29:” A year after helicopters return from bombing villages and communities almost all of the helicopters have been destroyed and one of the best pilots is killed in Lima.

15) “31:” A soldier (or police officer) is afraid the guerrillas will kill him, and suffers from insomnia after helping bury a campesino up to his neck and shoot him.

16) “43:” Marines attack villages to practice for fighting the guerrillas in Huallaga.

Yáñez Becerra, Juvenal. Mil violaciones. Lima: n.p., 1988. Critical of society and abuses in Ayacucho in the mid 1980s.

Zavaleta, Carlos Eduardo (Ancash 1928). El padre del tigre. Lima: Lluvia, 1993.

“El padre del tigre:” Based on the anthropologist and former rector of the University of Huamanga, Efraín Morote Best, and problems he encounters after his son, Osmán Morote (“el tigre”) is arrested for his activities in Sendero Luminoso.

Zorrilla, Zein (Huancavelica 1951). Oh generación! Lima: Lluvia, 1987. “Castrando al buey:” Describes a landowning couple caught between the guerrillas and the civil guard.

Zuzunaga Huaita, Sócrates (Ayacucho 1954). Con llorar no se gana nada. Lima: SAGSA, 1988. “Ayataki:” Describes an army massacre of the educated young men of a village, including the mistaken killing of the patrol leader’s brother.