Colección: La Educación
Número: (134-135) I,II
For many people, nutrition is a part of health: i.e., one cannot claim to be healthy if suffering some form of malnutrition. For others, nutrition is distinguished from health by linking it directly to food intake or to growth, measured by changes in such indicators as weight or height or arm circumference. One can eat more or less and be bigger or smaller but still contract a disease.
Nutritional interventions are often distinguished from health interventions. The former are restricted to providing proper food and diet; the latter are associated primarily with treatment of disease. However, good nutritional status is also recognized as a condition for achieving and maintaining good health and therefore becomes part of a preventive approach to health.
In recent years, a synergistic relationship between nutritional status, represented by growth or food intake, and health status, represented by absence of disease, has been broadly recognized. Poor eating and growth faltering increases the chances of sickness. Sickness affects food intake and increases the chances of growth faltering. Both sickness and growth faltering can lead to death.