26 de Marzo de 2019
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La Educación
Número: (134-135) I,II
Año: 2000

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of nutrition on cerebral development, intelligence  and school performance in Chilean students enrolled in the educational system. The research included a comparative study of 96 students who were separated into two groups based on school performance, socioeconomic level  and gender. Several tests were performed and results show that although school performance is conditioned by several genetic and environmental factors—such as the intelligence of the student, mother and father, malnourishment in the first year of life, brain size, birth weight and height—it is the student’s intelligence that most determines school performance. These results are useful for formulating nutritional and educational policies in both Chile and other developing countries, and show that preventing malnutrition in governmental policies can have a clear economic benefit for increasing productivity and improving the quality of life of the people.