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Colección:
La Educación
Número: (132-133) I,II
Año: 1999
APPENDIX
Description of variables used
School characteristics:

New School: 1 if New School, 0 if traditional school.

Library: 1 if school has library, 0 if not.

Textbook availability: 0 if no textbooks, 1 if one-quarter of students have texts, 2 if half of students have texts, and 4 if all students have texts.

Group learning: 1 if used “almost every day”, 0 if used less than that or not at all.

Number of supervisory visits: Number of times a supervisor visited school last year.

Student/teacher ratio: ratio of total primary school students to total primary school teachers, full- or part time.

Electricity access: 1 if school has electricity, 0 if not.

Located in Valle: 1 if the school is located in the department of Valle, 0 if not.

Located in Cauca: 1 if the school is located in the department of Cauca, 0 if not.  The third department, Nariño, was used as the reference category.

Principal characteristics:

Female: 1 if principal is female, 0 if principal is male.

University completed: 1 if principal has completed university degree or higher, 0 if not.

Years of administrative experience: years of experience as a school principal.

Teacher characteristics:

Male: 1 if teacher is male, 0 if teacher is female.

Years teaching subject: years of experience teaching mathematics or Spanish.

University completed: 1 if teacher has completed university degree or higher, 0 if not.

Lives in school: 1 if the teacher lives on the school premises, 0 if the teacher elsewhere.

Monthly salary: Monthly salary in 1992 pesos.

Hours subject taught per week: Hours that mathematics or Spanish is taught per week.

Family characteristics:

Family member is university graduate: 1 if at least one family member is a university graduate, 0 if not.

Family member is secondary graduate: 1 if at least one family member is a secondary school graduate, 0 if not.

Family member is primary graduate: 1 if at least one family member is a primary school graduate, 0 if not. The reference category is no education.

Electricity access: 1 if family home has access to electricity, 0 if not.

TV in home: 1 if the family owns a television, 0 if not.

Student characteristics:

Female: 1 if student is female, 0 is student is male.

Age:

Works: 1 if student does some sort of paid work, 0 if not.

Repeated at least 1 grade: 1 if student has repeated at least one grade in primary school, 0 if not.

6 absences this year: 1 if student has been absent 6 or more times during the year, 0 if absent from 0 to 5 times.

1 hour TV/day: 1 if student watches 1 or more hours of television per day, 0 if student watches less than 1.

1 school attended: 1 if student has previously attended schools other than the current one, 0 if not.

1 hour homework/day:  1 if student does 1 or more hours of homework per day, 0 if not.