Colección: La Educación
Número: (132-133) I,II
Description of variables used
Description of variables used
New School: 1 if New School, 0 if traditional school.
Library: 1 if school has library, 0 if not.
Textbook availability: 0 if no textbooks, 1 if one-quarter of students have texts, 2 if half of students have texts, and 4 if all students have texts.
Group learning: 1 if used “almost every day”, 0 if used less than that or not at all.
Number of supervisory visits: Number of times a supervisor visited school last year.
Student/teacher ratio: ratio of total primary school students to total primary school teachers, full- or part time.
Electricity access: 1 if school has electricity, 0 if not.
Located in Valle: 1 if the school is located in the department of Valle, 0 if not.
Located in Cauca: 1 if the school is located in the department of Cauca, 0 if not. The third department, Nariño, was used as the reference category.
Female: 1 if principal is female, 0 if principal is male.
University completed: 1 if principal has completed university degree or higher, 0 if not.
Years of administrative experience: years of experience as a school principal.
Male: 1 if teacher is male, 0 if teacher is female.
Years teaching subject: years of experience teaching mathematics or Spanish.
University completed: 1 if teacher has completed university degree or higher, 0 if not.
Lives in school: 1 if the teacher lives on the school premises, 0 if the teacher elsewhere.
Monthly salary: Monthly salary in 1992 pesos.
Hours subject taught per week: Hours that mathematics or Spanish is taught per week.
Family member is university graduate: 1 if at least one family member is a university graduate, 0 if not.
Family member is secondary graduate: 1 if at least one family member is a secondary school graduate, 0 if not.
Family member is primary graduate: 1 if at least one family member is a primary school graduate, 0 if not. The reference category is no education.
Electricity access: 1 if family home has access to electricity, 0 if not.
TV in home: 1 if the family owns a television, 0 if not.
Female: 1 if student is female, 0 is student is male.
Works: 1 if student does some sort of paid work, 0 if not.
Repeated at least 1 grade: 1 if student has repeated at least one grade in primary school, 0 if not.
6 absences this year: 1 if student has been absent 6 or more times during the year, 0 if absent from 0 to 5 times.
1 hour TV/day: 1 if student watches 1 or more hours of television per day, 0 if student watches less than 1.
1 school attended: 1 if student has previously attended schools other than the current one, 0 if not.
1 hour homework/day: 1 if student does 1 or more hours of homework per day, 0 if not.
[INDEX] [SUMMARY] [1. INTRODUCTION] [2. THE STATE OF RURAL EDUCATION IN COLOMBIA] [3. A DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW SCHOOL PROGRAM] [4. RESULTS OF PREVIOUS EVALUATIONS] [5. HOW FAITHFULLY IS NEW SCHOOL METHODOLOGY BEING IMPLEMENTED?] [6. HOW EFFECTIVE ARE NEW SCHOOLS IN RAISING STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT?] [7. CONCLUSIONS] [RESUMEN] [NOTES] [BIBLIOGRAPHY] [APPENDIX] [FIGURE 1] [TABLE 1] [TABLE 2] [TABLE 3] [TABLE 4] [TABLE 5] [TABLE 6] [TABLE 7] [TABLE 8] [TABLE 9] [TABLE 10] [TABLE 11]