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Colección: La Educación
Número: (129-131) I,III
Año: 1998


This study was designed to obtain an overview of the impact of multilingual language broadcasts on the economic, political, and sociocultural development of indigenous inhabitants of the Sierra Tarahumara. Particular attention was paid to the ethnographic research associated with the production of cultural programs. The methodology consisted of an historical analysis, a geographic and demographic profile of the region, an examination of station reports and evaluations, and descriptions of indigenous cultural activities that are later converted into broadcasts. Also, interviews were conducted with station personnel, selected listeners, local and state government officials, and the developers of Spanish-Tarahumar bilingual education in the region. The findings indicate that Radio XETAR is a major contributing force to the retention and enhancement of indigenous languages and cultures in the region. In addition, its broadcasts significantly enhance communication among people located in remote and relatively unaccessible regions who otherwise could not respond expeditiously to political problems, medical emergencies, calls for social action, etc. Overall, Radio XETAR, a member of a national radio network financed by Mexico’s National Indigenous Institute (INI), proactively disseminates technical, socioeconomic, political, and cultural information vital to the general development of the region.