Colección: La Educación
Número: (129-131) I,III
One of the greatest challenges facing developing countries is to enhance growth while finding the most cost-effective way of reducing negative environmental impacts. Between 1992 and 1995, some 500 mid-level managers and technical staff were trained in 16 environmental assessment (EA) workshops organized by the World Bank in Latin America and the Caribbean. These workshops were timely, as many countries in the region are going through a renaissance of environmental appreciation by strengthening environmental policies and institutional arrangements. The objectives of the EA courses are to i) provide an overview and familiarize borrower countries of the World Bank in environmental assessment and safeguard policies, such as operational directives on natural habitats, pest management, cultural property, indigenous peoples, involuntary resettlement, forestry, safety of dams, projects on international waterways, and projects in disputed areas; ii) examine alternative policy strategies; and iii) review the application of economic instruments to issues such as pollution control. These workshops help ensure the long-term viability of existing loans, and aid countries in complying with international and regional conventions, agreements and protocols relating to environmental management. Given the success of this effort, other regions are now beginning to examine the viability of organizing similar intensive certified workshop series to assist client-governments.