16 de Diciembre de 2018
Portal Educativo de las Américas
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Colección:
La Educación
Número: (129-131) I,III
Año: 1998

Background

With respect to educational issues, the Organization of American States has played a significant role in the formulation, development and implementation of hemispheric initiatives.

The recent institutional reforms reoriented the OAS toward greater dynamism and coherence with respect to the challenges that face the Hemisphere. In this context, the concept of partnership for development was generated, which orients the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI).

The functions of CIDI are to promote dialogue and cooperation activities that encourage integral and sustainable development, establish institutional mechanisms designed to promote such cooperation among the member States, and serve as a catalyst for the mobilization of human, technical and financial resources. In its Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 1997-2001, CIDI defined education as one of its eight priorities.

After the OAS General Assembly in Lima, the member States decided to use the mechanisms of CIDI in the follow up efforts of the Summits of the Americas in areas of its jurisdiction, in addition to formulating and developing initiatives that encourage the implementation of Summit decisions.

The Ministers of Education and the highest authorities in the Hemisphere have developed a significant effort to define their priorities. These priorities were recorded in the Political Declaration of the Hemispheric Meeting of the Ministers of Education within the framework of the II Summit of the Americas, convened in Mexico in February, 1998.

CIDI resolved to support the Ministers of Education in the formulation and development of an Inter-American Program of Education in the framework of the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 1997-2001 and the Plan of Action agreed to by the leaders of the Hemisphere at the II Summit of the Americas, held in Chile.

The II Summit of the Americas entrusted the Organization  with responsibility for a variety of activities in support of its decisions and determined that, in the case of mandates requiring sectoral ministerial meetings, these meetings, when appropriate, will take place under the aegis of CIDI. Further, the II Summit entrusted the Meeting of Ministers of Education, convoked by the OAS within the framework of the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development of CIDI in Brazil in July 1998, with development of a plan of implementation for this educational program.

At the OAS General Assembly in Caracas, the member States instructed the CIDI to provide the Ministers of Education with all the support possible from CIDI’s resources in the formulation and development of this Inter-American Program of Education.