21 de Junio de 2018
Portal Educativo de las Américas
  Idioma:
 Imprima esta Página  Envie esta Página por Correo  Califique esta Página  Agregar a mis Contenidos  Página Principal 
¿Nuevo Usuario? - ¿Olvidó su Clave? - Usuario Registrado:     

Búsqueda



Colección:
La Educación
Número: (126-128) I,III
Año: 1997
Table 3
Educational Reform in Seven Countries in the Region 1996

Objective of the Measures
In-country Implementation
#
%
Sector Structure
Increased coverage at the preschool, primary, and secondary levels
6
86%
Restructuring educational levels
1
14%
Establishing links with technical education
2
29%
Extending the school day
4
57%
Reducing drop-out and repetition rates
3
43%

Educational Content

Curricular reform at the primary and secondary levels
4
57%
Billingual education (incorporating indigenous languages)
2
29%
Reinforced learning of second language (English)
2
29%
Use of information sciences at primary and secondary levels
3
43%
Improved reference materials (books, etc) and infrastructure
6
86%

Evaluation

Use of systems to measure quality of education
6
86%
Periodic teacher evaluations
1
14%

Teachers

Increase number of graduated teachers and the level of training
2
29%
Teacher participation in reforms
2
29%
Increased salaries
3
43%
Training programs
4
57%

Selection of beneficiaries

Initiatives to foster equity in access and quality
4
57%
Targeted supplemental programs
4
57%
Establishing mechanisms to subsidize demand
2
29%

Decentralization

Increase the efficency of educational units
4
57%
Delegate administrative responsabilities to subnational entities
3
43%
Decentralize the educational environment
2
29%
Promote community involvement in reforms
3
43%
Note: The seven countries are: Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile, Paraguay, Perú, and Uruguay. Differences in degree of implementation of the measures are not recorded.
Source: United Nations/ECLAC (1997). "La Brecha de la Equidad. América Latina, El Caribe y la Cumbre Social." Sao Paolo,  Brazil.