Colección: La Educación
Número: (123-125) I,III
This issue of La Educación marks the 40th anniversary of the journals publication. On this auspicious occasion, we recall that the journal first appeared in January 1956, as mandated by the 10th Inter-American Conference (Caracas, Venezuela, 1954), which recommended that a journal be published that would help guide educators of the Americas and facilitate the exchange of information between organizations responsible for promoting education. In the first issues Editorial, Guillermo Nannetti, Director of the Division of Education of the Organization of American States (then the Pan American Union), emphasized that the journal should first contribute to disseminating information on the views regarding education in the Americas, as well as the activities being carried out in this area and, secondly, to study problems and actions related to teaching guidelines, practices, doctrines, methods, plans and programs in the Americas. The new publication was widely distributed in the Region and harmonized the goals of teachers and educational institutions dedicated to the promotion and development of culture and education at the regional and international levels.
The Declaration of Presidents of the Americas, signed in Punta del Este (Uruguay) on April 4, 1967, lay the foundation for the creation of the Regional Program for Educational Development (PREDE), which was established in 1968 by the Fifth Meeting of the Inter-American Cultural Council (CIC), in Maracay, Venezuela. PREDE concentrated its efforts on a concept of educational development, strengthened by a spirit of cooperation that complemented national efforts through multinational actions. In La Educación PREDE found a means of dissemination, cooperation and exchange. In its latter years of circulation, the journal not only fulfilled the goals for which it had been created, but responding to the mood of the epoch, concentrated more on the educational needs demanded by the member states, as well as on the reforms and changes that came about with time, some of which were precipitated by the journal itself. Because of the informative, analytical and critical nature of its contributions, La Educación served as a pluralist forum for educational development in the Americas from PREDEs conception to its culmination in 1995. Each issue offered teachers, researchers and the general public articles of both a social and cultural nature, on topics related to educational development in the Region.
As noted in a previous editorial (La Educación 120), within the context of the inter-American system, the year 1995 marked a new stage in the OAS that will be characterized, among other things, by the importance that the member states assign to partnership for development facing the challenges of the next century and ensuring a significant contribution to the definition and treatment of the most relevant items on the contemporary agenda. Within this scenario, different events have transpired to establish a framework for redefining the mission of the Organization in the field of inter-American cooperation for development, most notably the establishment of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI), which has become the coordinating body of the policies, programs and methods of action for partnership for development within the framework of the general policies and priorities defined by the General Assembly.
The Secretary General of our Organization has emphasized that during this process of transformation, education be called upon to fulfill a protagonistic role: schools must assume their civic duty and become a source of great democratic conscience. While ensuring everyone access to basic education, attention must be given to integrate secondary education with the work force and to ensure the contributions of higher education to national priorities (...) The OAS will continue to generate ideas and strategies in the fields of education, culture, science and technology. It will be a catalyzing element for innovative and transformational initiatives.1
In the new horizon of priorities and challenges facing the Region as we approach the 21st century, the content of ou r journal will reflect its practice of not limiting itself to an era, a single problem, or a school of thought, but rather will continue to offer an interdisciplinary focus on the education of our time, while maintaining its quarterly publication and its distribution of over 9,000 copies to 138 countries worldwide.
1. Presentation by the Secretary General of the Organization of American States, Dr. César Gaviria, at the inauguration of the 26th Regular Meeting of the Inter-American Council for Education, Science and Culture (CIECC), February 13-15, 1995 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.