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La Educación
Número: (121) II
Año: 1995


The purpose of the study was to examine and describe the function of counselors in primary and secondary-level schools sponsored by North Americans in South America, and to determine how these functions are affected by diverse factors in this educational system. The study relied on the participation of 21 advisors from 17 sponsored schools in Latin America. The information was compiled by two methods of research: a questionnaire soliciting demographic information, and open interviews with the above mentioned counselors. Since these schools are American in name and philosophy, some of the dimensions and functions of the counselors are similar to those found in the literature of the American schools. However, the results of the study suggest that there are 5 factors that impact the function of the counselor in this school system: 1) transplantion of the American education in a foreign context; 2) isolation from the United States; 3) problems related to the separation from the primary culture or the familiar culture; 4) multiplicity of languages in the foreign schools; and 5) cultural diversity among students.