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Colección:
La Educación
Número: (116) III
Año: 1993

8. Bernardo KLIKSBERG, comp. ¿Cómo enfrentar la pobreza? Aportes para la acción. Second edition, revised and augmented. Buenos Aires: Grupo Editor Latinoamericano, 1992. 271 p., notes, graphs, tables, bibliography, index.

This second revised and renewed edition tries to add a “grain of sand” to this huge collective Latin American work. The work centers on promoting non-traditional thinking, and emphasizes the institutional, organizational and managerial aspects —some of the most neglected subjects within this generally discriminated-upon topic.

The book begins with an introduction from the compiler, Bernardo Kliksberg, on the state of reflection on social management, an analysis of CEPAL’s Social Development Division on the essential dimensions of the 1992 social picture of the Region, and a note from Enzo Faletto (School of Latin American Social Sciences, FLACSO) on the ongoing social transformations. The second part of the work deals more specifically with key problems facing the management of social programs. Kliksberg develops the topic of how to deal with the scarcity of qualified human resources to carry out these programs; Merilee Grindle (Harvard University) reflects on the political restrictions for implementing social policies; Alejandro Schejtman (FAO), writes on the municipalization of food programs; José Sulbrandt (United Nations) reviews common critical concepts of social evaluation; Matthias Stiefel and Matthias Wesseler (U.N. Social Development Research Institute) introduce a disturbing agenda on the questions surrounding monitoring, evaluation and participation in the social field; and Isidoro Feloman (University of Buenos Aires) presents research and education proposals.

The book’s third and final section contains various progressive experiences of social programs. The world-renowned experience of Villa El Salvador in Peru, internationally considered as a model of successful social management, is tackled in a two-fold manner. Carlos Franco (Center for Development and Participation Studies) reconstructs the Village’s natural and human atmosphere. Gaston Zapata, one of the leaders of the experience, analyzes some of its central dynamics; José Wurgat (PREALC-ILO) reports on social program experiences in the area of employment. This section of the book closes with a work by Hugo Ruibanl (United Nations) on the pioneering experiences he has fostered in the area of urban-productive communities.

The book presents contextual frames of reference, key management problems and ongoing experiences, and can serve as a point of exchange for the multiplicity of efforts necessary to carry out this subject. By its own nature poverty does not wait. If not confronted urgently, it will produce irreversible human damage and will substantially affect the collectively-sought democracy established in the Region by the strenuous efforts of the people. Confronting poverty by providing solutions and actions from different perspectives is today a human and national duty essential for everyone who longs for a more just and democratic Latin America on the path to development.

Alberto Pinto Molina