Colección: La Educación
Número: (116) III
Over the past two decades Caribbean countries have been experiencing a high degree of economic instability. Some of these countries have had to undertake macroeconomic adjustment programs under the supervision of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB). In the English-speaking Caribbean, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago have had to seek IMF-WB assistance to help overcome their economic difficulties. Macroeconomic policy measures have included a reduction in government expenditure, increases in taxation and interest rates, devaluation, the increase or introduction of user fees for many social services, wage restraint and privatization. These macroeconomic policies have adversely affected the education sector via shortage of staff and supplies, the demotivation of teachers due to the decline in their standard of living and higher teaching loads, reduced teacher training, greater absenteeism, the deterioration of physical plants, reduced availability of materials and equipment and higher teacher pupil ratios. Since education plays a vital part in the human resource development of Caribbean countries, several recommendations are made in the paper to help cushion the adverse effects of structural adjustment on the educational system.