26 de Marzo de 2019
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La Educación
Número: (115) II
Año: 1993


The objective of this article is to propose ways of reducing the seismic vulnerability of schools and libraries in urban and rural areas. Guayaquil, Ecuador serves as a case scenario.

The article shows how plans to reduce vulnerability lead to the adoption of structural and nonstructural steps to mitigate the risk of damage. The author points out the importance of preliminary research into the particular characteristics of a seismic danger or threat, where it is located, how serious it is, the frequency with which it recurs in any given risk area, as well as the need to estimate vulnerability in terms of damage or losses caused by earthquakes to both people and physical infrastructure. That estimate should include the effects of a disruption to the normal life of the community.

Such preliminary research will turn out to be useful not only for preparing well thought-out steps to mitigate the risk of damage, but also as a frame of reference for other purposes.