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Portal Educativo de las Américas
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La Educación
Número: (115) II
Año: 1993


Hemispheric cooperation in the Americas is presented in a global context which includes the world economy, the advance of science, the spread of information technology, the growth of environmental awareness, and dissatisfaction with the strategies for development as they have been heretofore administered. Special attention is given to impact analyses as tools of policy and planning. More emphasis, however, is given to the institutionalization of cooperation toward environmentally sustainable development. The effectiveness of institutional arrangements and of analytic strategies depends on a substantial degree of consensus among countries regarding the goals of development and standards of environmental quality. The location and status of agencies for environment and development and their relationships within the structures of national governments are significant factors in the ability of governments to cooperate toward shared purposes. Four steps are suggested for moving governments toward a cooperative system for transboundary environmental policies consistent with sustainable development.