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Colección:
La Educación
Número: (114) I
Año: 1993


Characteristics of
Textual Representation
Linear 1950s - 1960s
Braching
1970s 1980s
Intertwined
1990s
Knowledge Control and Organization:
Orthodoxy; hierarchial and centralized
Heterodoxy: Emergence of "neo-" variants and new inquiry perspectives
Heterogeneity: Disputatious yet complimentary knowledge communities
Knowledge Relations:
Hegemonic and totalizing
Paradigm clsh -- i.e, "either/or" competition of incommensurable world views
Emergen post-paradigmatic -- i.e., rhizomatic and interactive
Knowledge Ontology:
Realist views predominate
Realist and relatiivist views cintest reality
More perspectivist views encompass multiple realities & perspectives
Knowledge Framing: Functionalism and positivis dominant
Functionalism and positivism dominan
Functionalist, critical and interpretative views compete and decenter
More eclectic, reflexive and pragmatic
Knowledge Style:
Parsimonious and value-free
Agonistic and partisian
Increasingly inttertextual, ecologistic, & contigent
Knowledge/Gender:
Maleness: Logic dominant
Feminist ideas emerge, compete, decenter
Gender issues more open and indeterminate
Knowledge/Emotions:
Optimism and confidende
Disdain, incredulity, or exhilaration
Ambialenece -- i.e., nostalgia for certainty; delight in diversity
Knowledge Products:
Law-like crossnational statements the ideal
Competing ideologies
Explanation, interpretation, simulation, translation and mapping
Illustrative Texts:
Adams & Farrel (1969);
Anderson (1961);
Bereday (1964); Husén (1967);
Noah & Eckstein (1969);
Schultz (1961)
Anderson (1977); Bourdieu & Passeron (1977); Bowles &
Gintis (1976); Carnoy (1984);
Clignet (198); Epstein (1988);
Heyman (1979); Husén (1988);
Karabel & Hasley (1977); Kelly & Nihlen (1982); Paulston (1977)
Altbach (1991); Cowen (1990) Lather (1991); Masemann (1990); Paulston (1990; 1993); Paulston & Tidwell (1992); Rust (1991); Stromquist (1990) ; von Recum (1990)

FIGURE 1: CHANGING REPRESENTATIONS OF KNOWLEDGE IN COMPARATIVE
AND INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION TEXTS, 1950s - 1990s