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Número: 71
Año: 2002
Autor: Johann Van Reenen, Editor
Título: Digital Libraries and Virtual Workplaces. Important Initiatives for Latin America in the Information Age



Reuna, a collaboration between the National Universities of Chile, introduced the Internet in Chile in 1992. Reuna´s high-speed network, REUNA2, is an ATM network of 155 Mbps. across the country. The National University Network is a non-profit consortium of 19 leading Chilean universities plus the National Commission for Science and Technology. Its mission is the creation and development of networks and services in IT aimed at supporting participation in the Information Society. For more information see: http://www.reuna.cl


Internet2® is a consortium of leading US universities working in partnership with industry and government to accelerate the creation of tomorrow’s Internet. Internet2 is recreating the partnership among academia, industry and government that fostered today’s Internet in its infancy. For more information, see: http://www.internet2.edu/


The Transborder Library Forum/FORO Transfronterizo de Bibliotecas share many of the aims of ISTEC’s Library Linkages initiative. Their meetings have been held annually since 1991, when a group of librarians from Arizona and Sonora gathered to work on ways to improve communications relating to border issues and to foster professional networking among librarians from Mexico and the United States.  Since those beginnings, FORO attendance has grown to over 300 professionals and, recently, Canadians also interested in NAFTA and border issues, began to have a presence. At the 10th Transborder Library FORO held in Albuquerque, New Mexico in March 23-25, 2000, several representatives from Latin American libraries attended.

 In order to facilitate communications and ensure that all attendees have the opportunity to participate in the sessions, simultaneous Spanish/English and English/Spanish interpretation has been provided over the years. The theme chosen for the 2000 meeting was “Beyond our borders: Interconnections”. It reflects a broadly defined direction that emphasizes the importance of overcoming traditional barriers and work on collaborative programs and exchanges to benefit all citizens in an electronic environment that is quickly becoming “borderless” (see http://www.unm. edu/~foro/).

FORO objectives include:
  • strengthening links between librarians interested in building information bridges along international borders
  • planning and implementing cooperative projects between libraries across geographic borders
  • facilitating the development of resource networks beyond library borders
  • introducing librarians to the most recent commercial library products and services
  • sharing cultural heritage
Primary National and Regional Information Resources and Repositories

Below are a list of repositories of primary sources for Latin America and the Caribbean from the University of Idaho website at http://www.uidaho.edu/special-collections/mexico.html#ar. All of these collections are fertile ground for digitization projects such as the projects described in Chapters 6 & 8.


Archivo General de la Nación
Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina
Biblioteca Nacional de Maestros
Cámara de Diputados de la Nación Argentina
Fundación Cinemateca Argentina
Universidad de Buenos Aires. Archivo Gráfico
Universidad de Buenos Aires. Archivo Oral
Universidad Torcuato Di Tella


Biblioteca Nacional de Bolivia y el Archivo Nacional de Bolivia
Fundación Cinemateca Boliviana


Arquivo Nacional do Brasil
Arquivo Público do Distrito Federal
Arquivo Público do Estado da Bahia
Arquivo Público do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Arquivo Público do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte
Biblioteca Pública do Paraná
Centro de Documentação e Memória/UNESP
Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação de História Contemporânea do Brasil
Departamento Estadual de Arquivo Público do Paraná
Fundação Biblioteca Nacional. Divisão de Música e Arquivo Sonoro
Fundação Gregório de Mattos. Salvador
Museu da República
Museu Imperial
National Musem of History, Brazil
Universidade de Brasília
Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Arquivo Edgard Leuenroth
Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Arquivos Históricos
Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Biblioteca Central.

Coleções Especiais

Universidade Estadual Paulista. Archivio del MovimentoO peraio Brasiliano
Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Universidade Federal Fluminense


Archivo Nacional, Chile
Biblioteca Nacional de Chile
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Universidad de Chile. Archivo Central Andrés Bello
Universidad de Chile. Fotografía, Archivo y Medios Audiovisulaes
Universidad de Concepción


Archivo General de la Nación de Colombia
Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango
Universidad del Rosario
Universidad del Valle
Costa Rica
Archivo Nacional de Costa Rica

Dominican Republic

Archivo Historico de Santiago


Archivo Nacional del Ecuador


National Library of Jamaica
University of the West Indies


Archivo General, Mexico
Biblioteca de México
Biblioteca Nacional de Antropología e Historia
Colegio de México
Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia
Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez. Colecciones especiales
Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez. Fondo José y Emma Fuentes Mares
Universidad de las Américas, Puebla
Universidad Iberoamericana. Acervos Historicos
Universidad Iberoamericana. Colecciones Especiales
Universidad Iberoamericana. Libros Antiguos y Raros
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Universidad Veracruzana


Biblioteca Nacional del Peru


Biblioteca Nacional de Venezuela. Archivo Audiovisual
Biblioteca Nacional de Venezuela. Libros Raros y Manuscritos
Universidad Central de Venezuela