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Número: 71
Año: 2002
Autor: Johann Van Reenen, Editor
Título: Digital Libraries and Virtual Workplaces. Important Initiatives for Latin America in the Information Age


      Digital libraries typically are large collections of objects stored and maintained in digital or electronic formats within complex computer systems that an end-user can access and manipulate. Digital objects can include text documents, databases, multimedia components such as still images, audio and video files and vast collections of machine-readable unorganized data from experimental or scientific observations (such as satellites, geological activity, network logs). The challenge to developers of digital libraries is to create and support a stable, sustainable and scalable technical environment within which digital collections can grow.

      A digital library includes five component parts: The host computer system — or server — where data is stored; system and application software that facilitates the organization, searching, display and maintenance of the digital objects; end-user desk top workstation where the digital collections are displayed and manipulated; the network that delivers digital objects from the host server to the end-user; and the creation and conversion of data.

      It is the interactions of these component parts which determine the success of a digital library implementation.