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<<Biblioteca Digital del Portal<<INTERAMER<<Serie Cultural<<Haunting Demons: Critical Essays on the Works of Gabriel García Márquez

Colección: INTERAMER
Número: 64
Año: 1998
Autor: Isabel Rodríguez Vergara
Título: Haunting Demons: Critical Essays on the Works of Gabriel García Márquez


1.Translation by Edith Grossman of Noticia de un Secuestro (Bogotá: Norma, 1996); (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997) from which all quotations in this essay are taken.

2. For a discussion of the posture of contemporary schools and critics vis-à-vis history, see Derek Attridge, et al., Eds. Post-structuralism and the Question of History (London: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

3. For a discussion of the journalistic aspect of Chronicle of a Death Foretold, see my book El mundo satírico de García Márquez (Madrid: Pliegos, 1991) 77-117.

4. See Nicholas Royle, After Derrida (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995).  I follow Royle’s analysis of the apocalypse in Derrida, “Of an Apocalyptic Tone,” which is one of the most delirious works of the author.  This is found principally in Chapter 2, “Writing History:  From New Historicism to Deconstruction,”  13-38.  García Márquez’s text echoes a motif of Foucault and of Beckett, who says that “as soon as one no longer knows who speaks or who writes, the text becomes apocalyptic,” cited by Royle, 29.

5. Royle, op.cit., 30.

6. Ibid.

7. Ibid., 33.

8. Cited in ibid., 25.

9. Among those kidnapped were Maruja Pachón de Villamizar, director of Focine, wife of the politician Alberto Villamizar and sister of Gloria Pachón, the widow of Luis Carlos Galán (Galán was the founder of New Liberalism in 1979, assassinated by drug traffickers for his stance against them); Maruja’s assistant and sister-in-law, Beatriz Villamizar de Guerrero, a physical therapist and wife of Pedro Guerrero, a physician; Marina Montoya, sister of Germán Montoya, Secretary General of the Presidency during the term of Virgilio Barco and Colombian Ambassador to Canada; and Diana Turbay, director of the television news program Criptón, daughter of ex-President Julio César Turbay.  Four members of Diana’s television team were kidnapped with her:  Azucena Liévano, editor of the program, the reporter Juan Vitta, and the cameramen Richard Becerra and Orlando Acevedo.  Also kidnapped were Hero Buss, a German journalist living in Colombia, and Francisco Santos, editorial chief of El Tiempo, one of the most important newspapers in the country, and son of Hernando, one of its owners.

10. Jorge Castañeda, Utopia Unarmed: The Latin American Left After the Cold War (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993).

11. Juan Vitta has just published his own version of the kidnapping: ¡Secuestrados! La historia por dentro (Santafé de Bogotá: Santillana, 1996).