Autor: José Luis Romero
Título: Latin America: Its Cities and Ideas
1. Hacienda was the name used in Spain for the expanse of inherited land which constituted the foundation of high nobility. In the New World, haciendas were the usually large extensions of land granted by the Spanish crown to conquistadores and colonizers.
2. Encomienda is the colonial institution that regulated the division of Indian population among the Spanish conquerors. Indians were forced to work for their Spanish mastersthe encomenderosor pay them a tribute. In turn, the encomenderos wereaccording to the Laws of the Indiesunder the obligation to instruct the Indians in Christian doctrine, give them some formal education and attend to their general well-being.
3. Conquistadorthe Spanish word for conquerorhas come to name the Spaniards who not only conquered but also colonized the New World. Most were from the impoverished ranks of the lesser nobility and brought to America their ambitions of acquiring land and wealth, as well as prestige and title.
6. The old Diccionario de Autoridadesan exhaustive Thesaurus of medieval and Golden Age Spanishdefines the meaning of the term criollo as follows: The one born in the Indies, from parents who are born in Spain, or in any other [European] nation, and who are not Indian. Is a term invented by the Spanish conquistadores of the Indies and made current by them in Spain.